Share this travel adventure!

guide2travel.ca

...travel adventures with a twist of history
Latest ArticlesAdventures
The Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao, Philippines, preserve a lifestyle over 2000 years old. Here, millennia ago, the local people carved terraces into the Philippine Cordilleras mountains, effectively creating paddies to grow rice in land that was otherwise too steep for farming. The terraces not only created flatland garden beds, they also held back and directed the water, providing irrigation. You might even say these early farmers were engineering geniuses!

So now, come with me on a hike through time on the Batad Rice Terraces of Banaue.

Take a Jeepney Time Machine

Jeepney parked beside a home in Cordilleras of Philippines.

Jeepney parked beside a cindercrete block home in Cordilleras of Philippines.

My adventure started with a jeepney at the Banaue Hotel and Youth Hostel. Not familiar with jeepneys? Well, these elongated jeeps serve as public transportation all over the Philippines. At first, I sat on the bench seats inside, but soon climbed topside to feel the wind in my face as we wound higher and higher into the Cordilleras on narrow cement roads.

Of course, topside also gave me a better view of the communities that have changed little over time. While the “modern” homes of the locals now often featured cindercrete block or tin buildings rather than bamboo nip huts, the styles hadn’t changed. House fronts sat a few feet off the road with their back parts supported on long poles shoved into the mountainsides.

Jeepney parked where the road ends, next to a tin-covered pay toilet.

Jeepney parked where the road ends, next to a tin-covered pay toilet.

Soon, our jeepney came to an abrupt halt. We got out and watched while the driver shoved large rocks under all four tires to keep it from rolling down the steep unfinished mountain road. Taking turns before starting the walk to our destination, we all visited the log framed, tin covered outhouse that sat almost on the the road with the sign — Pay Toilet.

Batad UNESCO Heritage Site

Walk to Batad

Walk to Batad


Batad is part of five clusters of rice terraces designated as the UNESCO Heritage Site, Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, in 1995. Our walk to Batad, while downhill, still took a lot of exertion to climb over large dirt lumps and rock. The Welcome to Batad sign was most welcome when we finally reached it!

Below us, the rich green valley, partly terraced, partly forested, spread out. Bright colored roofs in Batad’s main village dotted the landscape. It was hard to believe that every single thing used by the people in those houses had to be carried in or out, the same as has been done for thousands of years.

Linda Aksomitis above the Batad village.

Linda Aksomitis above the Batad village.

Walking stick in hand, I followed our guide down the path, ready for adventure.

Walking on the Rice Terraces

Walking on the Batad rice terraces.

Walking on the Batad rice terraces.


We followed the trail past the upper businesses offering overnight stays for visitors. As we descended, we found slippery patches of wet stone as well as some uneven stairs chopped out of the rock. A few spots even provided handrails for those like me who lack balance.

At last, we reached the terraces.

And that’s where you really needed your balance. Terrace walls are made of small rocks almost perfectly matched in size. While we’d use cement today, their ancient builders had to rely on mud to fill the cracks between them. Larger rocks, which must have been split to create flat edges, topped the walls for us to walk on.

House on the rice terraces.

House on the rice terraces.

Slip off the wet rock and your foot would slide into muddy water, something I really wanted to avoid. So although I had to spend most of the walk focused on my feet, the terraces kept me mesmerized. Indeed, I’d call the terraces feats of engineering.

Terrace tiers cover approximately 12,500 miles (20,100 km) spread over the Cordilleras area of the Philippines. That amounts to 4,000 square miles (10,360 square km) of rice terraces. In itself, the vastness is impressive. However, the most impressive fact is that all of the terraces are absolutely level. Why? To keep the water evenly distributed throughout the rice paddies.

Back to Upper Batad

Carrying rice sheaves on a shoulder pole.

Carrying rice sheaves on a shoulder pole.


Climbing back to Batad was a challenge! However, it also provided lots of opportunities to view life in the main village.

Around us, the villagers worked, seemingly oblivious to our intrusion. A young man carried sheaves of rice on a shoulder pole. A child picked mango fruit from a tree. A few men cut bamboo with a handsaw, for repairs to a building.

Pounding rice.

Pounding rice.

At one point, we stopped to watch an elderly man separating rice from its hulls. Feet permanently misshapen and curled for balance, both hands firmly holding a grinding stick, he pounded the rice in a stone bowl. Then, a young helper held out a piece of basket that served as a sieve to separate the rice from the chaff. Afterwards, chickens gobbled the bits that blew away off of the ground.

That image sticks with me, one of my favorite voyages into what life was like in another time.

More Places to Visit in the Philippines

Hiking Through Time on the Banaue Rice Terraces

The rice terraces of Batad, Philippines, are over 2000 year old feats of engineering. Hike into this UNESCO heritage site to glimpse traditional farming.

Road Trip from Banaue, Ifugao, Philippines, to Manila, Philippines: A Photo Journal

With Super Typhoon Haima headed directly at me, I ended up with a 12-hour Road Trip from Banaue, Ifugao, Philippines, to Manila, Philippines — the journey.

Rice Dessert Filipino Style — the Secret Ingredient in Traditional Bibingkang Kanin

Rice pudding is one of those desserts that has a place in almost every culture around the world--with variations to suit each one. In fact, for thousands of years rice pudding was considered a good way to treat stomach ailments. If you're like me, you may have even...

Giddy Up! A Kalesa Carriage Ride Over the Streets of Manila

Manila, gateway to the tropical island adventures of the Philippines, is fun to explore. Check out its historical places in a kalesa carriage ride.

Relax in a Philippines Paradise: Ibulao Bed & Breakfast Restaurant

The mountain top Ibulao Bed & Breakfast Restaurant in Kiangan, in the Philippine municipality of Banaue in Ifuao province, is about as close to paradise as you can get -- especially if you love thick, verdant greenery and flowers as far as you can see. With a...

Discover Banaue, Ifugao, Philippines and the Banaue Hotel & Youth Hostel

Banaue, Ifugao, Philippines, literally throbbed with activity -- trikes scooting along with passenger sidecars, jeepneys, full to capacity with young boys leaning off the top like an illustration in a children's picture book, cables crisscrossing overhead connecting...

Natural Wonders of the Philippines: Top Tourist Destinations

The Philippines have so much to offer visitors, it's no surprise tourism is one of the major industries. Between the friendliness of the people and the country's amazing natural wonders, I've certainly enjoyed my 10 day visit! The infographic below, from Beach Resorts...

About the Photo

The photo in the header above is of the UNESCO Heritage site, Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, in Batad. It was taken by Linda Aksomitis.

Pin Me!

If you enjoyed this article, pin it to share later.

Hiker on the UNESCO Rice Terraces in the Philippines.

Batad rice terraces Philippines UNESCO site.

Adventures in the Philippines.

Search Categories